Alito was born in 1950 in Trenton, New Jersey, and grew up in nearby Hamilton township. He graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1972. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Signal Corps after his graduation from Princeton and attained the rank of Captain. In 1975, he graduated Yale Law School, where he served as an editor of the Yale Law Journal. Alito clerked for Third Circuit appeals judge Leonard I. Garth in Newark, New Jersey in 1976 and 1977. After service as an Assistant United States Attorney and Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Alito was nominated by President George H. W. Bush to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in 1990. In 2005, President George W. Bush nominated Alito to Justice Sandra Day O'Connor's seat on the United States Supreme Court, and he was confirmed in the Senate by a vote of 58-42.