Ruth Joan Bader was born in New York in 1933. Her father was a furrier and a haberdasher and her mother stayed at home and raised her. Ginsburg graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Cornell University in 1954. She was one of nine women in the first Harvard class that admitted women. She transferred to Columbia Law School when her husband was hired by a firm in Manhattan, and graduated tied for first in her class. She was the second woman to join the law faculty at Rutgers University. From 1972-1978, she won five of the six cases she argued before the Supreme Court. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed Ginsburg to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. President Bill Clinton nominated her to fill the Supreme Court seat vacated by Justice Byron White in 1993. She was confirmed by the Senate, 97-3.