The Annotated Bobblehead Belva Lockwood

She Sat in the Presidential Chair, Evening Star (DC), Oct. 18, 1884, at 5:
New York, October 18.– Mrs. Belva Lockwood arrived in this city this morning, and is stopping t the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Almost immediately after entering the hotel she went out again and visited a photographers. The operator was about to seat her in [a] small chair when she espied he large chair in which Messrs. Blaine and Cleveland sat while having their photographs taken.
"Why don't you place me in that chair?" she asked.
"That is the presidential chair," replied the operator.
"Well, sir, I will sit in that chair," said Mrs. Lockwood. "I think I am able to fill it as well as any ho have occupied it." And she did.
U.S. v. Cherokee Nation, 202 U.S. 101, 101 & 120 (1906)("Argued January 16, 17, 18, 1906. . . . Mrs. Belva A. Lockwood for the Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees.").
An act to relieve certain legal disabilities of women, 20 Stat. 292 (Feb. 15, 1879):
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Supreme Court. States of America in Congress assembled, That any woman who shall have been a member of the bar of the highest court of any State or Territory or of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia for the space of three years, and shall have maintained a good standing before such court, and who shall be a person of good moral character, shall, on motion, and the production of such record, be admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States..

Belva Lockwood

Belva Lockwood was born in 1830. After the death of her first husband, she attended Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, to better support her family. Lockwood remarried in Washington, D.C., and attended what is now George Washington University Law School, after being refused at the now defunct Columbian Law School. She wrote a letter to Ulysses S. Grant after her diploma was refused; it was soon issued and she was admitted to the Washington, D.C. Bar. Lockwood became one of the pathbreaking women who became lawyers and advocated for women's rights in court, including equal pay for government employees and rights within marriage and for widows.

Lockwood is commemorated in bobblehead form in particular for becoming the first woman to argue before the U.S. Supreme Court. After working for legislation to allow women to practice in federal courts, she became - on March 3, 1879 - the first woman admitted to the Supreme Court bar. In 1880, Lockwood argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in Kaiser v. Stickney, and later in United States v. Cherokee Nation. In another first (or second), Lockwood ran for President of the United States as the candidate of the National Equal Rights Party in 1884 and 1888.

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