William D Haywood

Big Bill Haywood was one of the most radical and feared labor leaders in the United States. Haywood was ousted from leadership in the Western Federation of Miners in 1908. He went on to leadership roles in the International Workers of the World (IWW) and helped textile workers lead strikes in Lawrence, Massachusetts and Paterson, New Jersey. In 1918 Haywood was convicted along with about a hundred other defendants, including IWW leaders, in a conspiracy to undermine the war efforts of the United States. He spent a year at Leavenworth prison and was released while his appeal was pending. Haywood defected to the Soviet Union in 1921 and lived in Moscow until he died in 1928. Haywood was cremated and half of his ashes were buried under the Kremlin Wall and half were buried near a monument for the Haymarket anarchists in Chicago. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-hec-05936.