Ferris Wheel at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893

George W. G. Ferris built the first Ferris Wheel for the 1893 Chicago World's Fair to prove that America could top the Eiffel Tower. During planning for the fair, Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel offered to build a tower larger than the one he had built in Paris but the planning committee insisted the work be from "American genius." The giant wheel had 36 cars that could hold 60 passengers for a total of 2,160 passengers at a time and was as high as a 26 story building. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-50927.