The chimpanzee was one of the iconic symbols of the Scopes trial. The caption reads in part "Man might look like this were it not for the soul which hundreds of millions of intelligent beings believe was created in the image and likeness of God." Photo from "God or Gorilla: How the Monkey Theory of Evolution Exposes Its Own Methods, Refutes Its Own Principles, Denies Its Own Inferences, Disproves Its Own Case" by Alfred Watterson McCann (1922).