Secretary of State Elihu Root

A legal case with international importance arose in Chicago in 1908 when the Russian consul in Chicago requested the extradition of Russian refugee named Christian Ansoff Rudowitz (sometimes spelled Rudovitz) who was living in Chicago. The Russian government alleged that Rudowitz participated in the murder of several people. Darrow worked with other attorneys to fight extradition but United States Commissioner Mark A. Foote ruled that Rudowitz could be extradited. But on January 26, 1909, Secretary Root decided that Rudowitz's crimes were political in nature and he was therefore not extraditable under the treaty between the United States and Russia. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-hec-15215.