Attorney General Mitchell Palmer's house after bomb explosion
Jun, 1919
On the night of June 2, 1919 at about 11:15 p.m. the home of United States Attorney General Mitchell Palmer was bombed. Palmer had just gone upstairs about 15 minutes before the bomb exploded destroying the downstairs of the home. Mitchell and his family escaped being killed or injured because they were all upstairs. The bomb was so powerful it blew out the windows of the home of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D. Roosevelt who lived across the street. Roosevelt rushed to help and he and Palmer found remains of a dead body and anarchist literature leading to the conclusion that the bomb went off prematurely killing one of the perpetrators. Within an hour of the attack on Palmer's house, bombs exploded in seven other cities killing two people. The intended targets were a mayor, state legislator, three judges, two businessmen, a police officer and a Catholic priest. In response to the bombings, Palmer launched a series raids and roundups of suspected radicals and immigrants from 1919 to 1921. The raids, carried out by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Bureau of Immigration, have come to be called "Palmer Raids." Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-npcc-33288