Stop Your Cruel Oppression of the Jews

A vicious pogrom against Jews in Kishinev, Russia occurred on April 6 & 7, 1903. The attacks began after a Christian Russian boy was found murdered in the town of Dubăsari. Over the course of three days, a mob attacked Jews, committing murder and rape. Several babies were murdered. The local government not only failed to protect the victims but some of the leaders of the mob were government officials. Between 45 and 60 people were murdered, over 600 injured, over 1500 shops destroyed, 12,000 homes damaged and about 2000 families left homeless. Clarence Darrow joined Jane Addams and Peter Sissman to denounce the atrocities and anti-Semitism during a presentation at the Star Theater in Chicago on April 18, 1903.

Print shows an aged man labeled "Russian Jew" carrying a large bundle labeled "Oppression" on his back; hanging from the bundle are weights labeled "Autocracy," "Robbery," "Cruelty," "Assassination," "Deception," and "Murder." In the background, on the right, a Jewish community burns, and in the upper left corner, Theodore Roosevelt speaks to the Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, "Now that you have peace without, why not remove his burden and have peace within your borders?" Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ppmsca-05438