Judge Peter Grosscup

In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Peter Grosscup to the U.S. District Court of the Northern District of Illinois. Judge Grosscup sat with Judge William A. Woods on the U.S. circuit court when they issued the injunction against Eugene Debs and the American Railway Union officers during the Pullman strike. Eight days after the injunction was issued Judge Woods and Judge Grosscup issued indictments charging Debs and other ARU officials with obstructing the U.S. mail and conspiracy to interfere with interstate commerce. Judge Grosscup instructed the grand jury that indicted Debs and the others. Grosscup was the trial judge during Debs' criminal trial which ended when the Grosscup declared a mistrial because a juror became ill. The defense strongly suspected the mistrial was declared because the criminal trial was going badly for the government. In 1899, President William McKinley appointed Grosscup, a friend of his, to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Grosscup later served as the part-time dean of Northwestern University School of Law from 1898 to 1901. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ggbain-06248