Justice Orrin Carter

From June to August 1920 Clarence Darrow and several other attorneys defended twenty members of the Communist Labor charged with violating an Illinois statute that made it unlawful to advocate reformation or overthrow of the existing form of government by violence or other unlawful means. The defendants were convicted and their conviction was affirmed by the Illinois Supreme Court in People v. Lloyd, 304 Ill. 23 (1922). Clarence Darrow recalled in his autobiography that on appeal before the Illinois Supreme Court "the chief justice of the court, Orrin Carter, wrote a vigorous dissenting opinion which breathed the spirit of the liberty of the individual. The governor, quoting from this opinion, then pardoned them before they spent a single day in prison."