Anton Cermak

In 1903 Clarence Darrow served with several members of the Illinois Legislature who would later be important players in Illinois and Chicago politics. One was Anton (Tony) Joseph Cermak (1873 - 1933). Cermak was elected mayor of Chicago in 1931 ending the Republican Party's power in Chicago. On February 15, 1933 while Cermak was standing near President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt who had just given a speech in Miami, Florida, an assassin named Giuseppe Zangara tried to shoot Roosevelt but he shot Cermak instead. Cermak was hit in the lung and seriously wounded. Several other people besides Cermak were also wounded. Accounts vary with some saying a woman died but others saying she was seriously wounded but survived. Cermak died on March 6. Zangara was later tried, convicted and executed. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-hec-21393