Charles Edward Russell

Charles Edward Russell (1860 - 1941) was a journalist, author, and activist. Born in Davenport, Iowa, he was the son of the abolitionist editor of the Davenport Gazette. He moved to Minneapolis in 1881 to write for the Minneapolis Journal which would later become part of the Star Tribune. During the next twenty years he worked for the Detroit Tribune, the New York World, the New York Herald and the Chicago Examiner. He was also a cofounder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909 and a member of the Socialist Party prior to World War I. Russell became one of the most prolific and controversial of the muckraking journalists. Russell won a Pulitzer Prize in 1928.

Clarence Darrow was good friends with Russell and brought him in to help Darrow conduct work on the National Recovery Review Board in 1934. The board was appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to study the fair competition codes created by the National Recovery Administration.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-hec-20122