Winterton Conway Curtis (1875 - 1966)

Winterton C. Curtis, a zoologist at the University of Missouri, was one of eight scientific experts for the defense. Although the judge ruled in favor of the prosecution's motion to exclude expert testimony, he did allow the defense to read into the record summaries of statements prepared by their experts. As part of these summaries Arthur Garfield Hays read a letter written in 1922 by President Woodrow Wilson to Professor Curtis: "[O]f course, like every other man of intelligence and education, I do believe in organic evolution. It surprises me that at this late date such questions should be raised." This letter from President Wilson would also be cited by the defense in their appellate brief to the Supreme Court of Tennessee. From the Smithsonian Institution.