Alfred Jaques, 1857 - 1937

Alfred Jaques (sometimes spelled Jacques) who was born in Geneseo, Illinois. After being admitted to the bar in Illinois in 1882, he moved to Duluth, Minnesota where he practiced law, later became a municipal judge and for a time was the director of the Duluth Bar Library. Jaques later moved to St. Paul. He served as the U.S. District Attorney for the District of Minnesota from 1914 to 1922. In the summer of 1917 Jaques arrested over 200 Finnish members of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.) in the Iron Range for failing to register for the draft and for preparing to go on strike instead of working in the mines. In a report to the Attorney General Jaques stated it was a good idea to keep these IWW aliens so busy defending prosecutions for failure to register that they would not have time to plot against the industrial interests of Northern Minnesota. Jaques also participated in politics, unsuccessfully running for Congress in 1910 and Governor in 1926. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1912. In a letter he wrote to his son Paul in 1927, Clarence Darrow said that he was friends with Jaques for 30 years.