At the Close of Day. Just up from the Shaft
Jan, 1911
"All work below ground in Shaft #6 Pennsylvania, Coal Co. Clement Tiskie, (smallest boy next to right hand end) is a nipper. Arthur Havard, (on Clement's right hand) is a driver. Jo Puma, (on Arthur's right) is a nipper. Jo's mother showed me the passport which shows Jo to be 14 years old, but he has no school certificate although working inside the mine. Frank Fleming, (boy on left of photo), a nipper. Works a mile underground from the shaft which is 500 ft. down. South Pittston, Pennsylvania."

National Archives and Records Administration, ARC Identifier: 523373, Local Identifier: 102-LH-1915, Item from Record Group 102: Records of the Children's Bureau, 1908 - 1969.