Sarah Thompson Pell, Finance Chair of the National Woman's Party ca. 1910-1920

Ten years after the Nineteenth Amendment, which was ratified on August 18, 1920, gave women the right to vote only about half the states allowed women to serve on juries. The notoriety of the Massie case prompted the National Woman's Party (NWP) to use the case to advance its fight to give women the right to serve on juries. After Grace Fortescue and the others were charged with murder, Sarah Pell, who served as Finance Chair of the NWP, contacted NWP leaders and urged them to take a stand on the prosecution of Grace Fortescue by demanding she be tried by a jury of her peers - which would include women. The NWP moved quickly and just two days later, the party authorized Elsie Hill to contact the Fortescue family. A meeting was held the next day during which the NWP representatives urged the family to convince Grace to challenge the all-male jury that was sure to be seated in her case. Eventually Grace Fortescue decided to rely on the legal talent of Clarence Darrow and his co-counsel George Leisure, thus ending the NWP's attempts to enter the case. Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. mnwp 155019.