Benjamin Gitlow

Benjamin Gitlow was born December 22, 1891 to Russian immigrant parents in Elizabethport, N.J. His father, Lewis Albert Gitlow, had emigrated to the United States in 1888, and his mother, Kate, in 1899. Gitlow joined the Socialist Party in 1909. Later he became a member of the more radical Left Wing faction of the Socialist Party. In 1918, that faction was expelled from Socialist Party. Later Gitlow, John Reed, and James Larkin established the Communist Labor Party.