Eugene V. Debs

The American Railway Union (ARU), with about 150,000 railroad employees as members, was organized in Chicago on June 20, 1893. Eugene Debs was the founder and leader of the ARU, which was the largest union of its time, and one of the first industrial unions in the United States. The ARU, in contrast to other trade unions, sought to unionize all railway workers instead of limiting members to a particular craft or service. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-24198. Debs Letter to Darrow