Gifford Pinchot

Gifford Pinchot (1865 - 1946) was the first Chief of the United States Forest Service from 1905 to 1910. He later served as Governor of Pennsylvania from 1923 to 1927 and 1931 to 1935. Pinchot, as part of the Theodore Roosevelt administration, consolidated power in the Forest Service much to the dismay of timber interests in the West, including Idaho where large tracts of land were designated as national forests by 1907. The Roosevelt administration started pressing timber fraud prosecutions which resulted in William Borah being indicted for timber fraud at the same time he was serving as one of the prosecutors in the Big Bill Haywood trial. Pinchot attended some of the Haywood trial and he faced political pressure to back off the prosecution of Borah until after the Haywood trial. Borah was ultimately acquitted. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ggbain-04976