Henry Demarest Lloyd

Henry Demarest Lloyd (1847 - 1903) was one of the most well-known "muckrakers" in the United States so he was a logical choice to represent the United Mine Workers before the Strike Commission. Lloyd was a graduate of Columbia College and Columbia Law School and was admitted to the New York Bar in 1869. In the 1870s Lloyd became a writer at the Chicago Tribune and left the paper in 1885. Lloyd married the only daughter of one of the Tribune's major shareholders and his wife's wealth allowed Lloyd to become a "millionaire socialist" who had time to write and speak on social issues. Lloyd became famous in labor and socialist circles with an article very critical of John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil titled "Story of a Great Monopoly" that was published in the Atlantic Monthly in 1881. Lloyd called Standard Oil the "greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known to history." In 1894 Lloyd wrote a book titled "Wealth Against Commonwealth" which is very critical of Standard Oil.