Grover Cleveland

After he ordered federal troops into Chicago, President Cleveland belatedly issued the required proclamation warning rioters:

"Now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States, do hereby admonish all good citizens and all persons who may be or may come within the city and State aforesaid, against aiding, countenancing, encouraging, or taking any part in such unlawful obstructions, combinations and assemblages; and I hereby warn all persons engaged in or in any way connected with such unlawful obstructions . . . to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes on or before twelve o'clock noon on the ninth day of July instant. Those who disregard this warning and persist in taking part with a riotous mob in forcibly resisting and obstructing the execution of the laws of the United States . . . can not be regarded otherwise than as public enemies." Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-7618.