Leo Tolstoy c. 1897

Count Leo Tolstoy (1828 - 1910) was a Russian novelist and philosopher. Clarence Darrow came to be deeply influenced by the non-resistance philosophy of Leo Tolstoy. In 1902, Darrow published Resist Not Evil. He explained in the preface, "It is not claimed that the following pages contain any new ideas. They were inspired by the writings of Tolstoy, who was the first, and in fact the only, author of my acquaintance who every seemed to me to place the doctrine of non-resistance upon a substantial basis." When World War I started Darrow quickly changed his mind about non-resistance and he came to believe it was too utopian. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-67518.