General Sherman Bell

Sherman M. Bell, a mine manager, was appointed adjutant-general of the Colorado National Guard and commanded troops sent by Governor Peabody to the Cripple Creek district during the labor war in 1903-04. A former Rough Rider under Teddy Roosevelt, Bell aggressively battled the Western Federation of Miners in Colorado without worrying about protecting the legal rights of the miners. Bell was quoted as saying, "Military necessity recognizes no laws, either civil or social." J. Anthony Lukas, Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America 225 (1998).