Mohawk Mine, Goldfield, Nevada c. 1906

Vincent St. John was an American labor leader and organizer for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies). In 1907, St. John was shot in Goldfield, Nevada by a "conservative" in the Western Federation of Miners and his right hand was crippled. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn writes "The place which is most identified in labor history with the name of Vincent St. John is Goldfield, Nevada. At the turn of the century it was the biggest, busiest, richest gold camp in the world. . . . It was the scene of an intense labor struggle, led by Vincent St. John." The Rebel Girl: An Autobiography, My First Life (1906-1926) at 92 (1973). Clarence Darrow defended St. John in several appeals to the U.S. 7th Circuit in 1918 and 1920 after St. John had been convicted of violating the Espionage Act.

In 1918, Clarence Darrow defended St. John when he appealed his conviction for conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act. St. John and about 100 others were convicted including Big Bill Haywood.

Caption for photo: "The greatest gold mine known. First sixty days operation, $6,000,000.00 production." Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, PAN US GEOG - Nevada no. 24.