Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (1820 - 1903) was an English philosopher and political and social theorist. Spencer was enormously influential in Britain and the United States. He is credited with coining the phrase "survival of the fittest" which he came up with after reading Charles Darwin's work. In his 1864 work "Principles of Biology" Spencer wrote, "This survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, is that which Mr. Darwin has called 'natural selection', or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life." Some believe that Spencer has been unfairly criticized and his work is erroneously believed to justify no holds barred economic power and exploitation. Clarence Darrow was influenced by Spencer's writings. In "Why I Am An Agnostic" Darrow wrote, "Man has always speculated upon the origin of the universe, including himself. I feel, with Herbert Spencer, that whether the universe had an origin-- and if it had-- what the origin is will never be known by man." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Spencer1.jpg