Francis Joseph Heney c. 1912

Francis Joseph Heney (1859 - 1937) was a lawyer who served as Attorney General of the Arizona Territory between 1893 and 1895. Heney, as a special prosecutor, assisted William Burns during an investigation in 1905 into extensive land and timber fraud in Oregon. Haney then worked with Burns, Fremont Older, Lincoln Steffens and several others working in secret including President Theodore Roosevelt to investigate and uncover massive political graft and corruption in San Francisco. The investigation led to the confession of Abraham Ruef, a city political boss, the conviction of Mayor Eugene Schmitz, and the indictment of Patrick Calhoun, president of the United Railroad. Calhoun was the grandson of South Carolina Senator John C. Calhoun. Patrick Calhoun hired Earl Rogers to defend him. The defense devised a strategy to prod labor unions into striking against the street railway companies and then Calhoun would gain favor by breaking the strike. The situation became very contentious and Heney was shot in the face but survived. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-62636.