Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844 - 1900)

Nathan Leopold was influenced by Nietzsche's philosophy including the idea of a "Superman" who is above the rules of society that ordinary people need to follow. A letter that Leopold wrote to Richard Loeb on October 10, 1923 was introduced into the hearing record. Leopold wrote in the letter "A superman . . . is, on account of certain superior qualities inherent in him, exempted from the ordinary laws which govern men. He is not liable for anything he may do."