Samuel Gompers c. 1908

When the McNamara brothers' guilty pleas became public, the American Federation of Labor (AFL) was meeting at its convention in Atlanta. The meeting had been dominated by the McNamara trial with fundraising efforts being made, including asking workers to give up a whole week's wages to support the defense. The AFL leadership felt betrayed, especially its president Samuel Gompers, who put his reputation on the line by insisting that the McNamaras were innocent.