Attorney General Charles D. Newton

Attorney General Newton resurrected New York's Criminal Anarchy Act to use it against radicals like Benjamin Gitlow and James Larkin. This law was enacted in 1902 in response to the assassination of President William McKinley by a professed anarchist, Leon Frank Czolgosz. Czolgosz shot McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo on September 6, 1901. McKinley died eight days later. The New York law was only used once prior to 1919 in a relatively minor case. Photo from "State Service: An Illustrated Monthly Magazine Devoted to the Government of the State of New York and Its Affairs" by James Malcolm (1918).