Miscellaneous Topics
Clarence Darrow practiced law from 1879 until 1936 and he was a public figure for much of this time. Besides his many courtroom activities he participated in many debates, gave many speeches and wrote often about social, legal and political issues important to him. He was acquainted with many prominent and important people in public life. This section presents a wide variety of information and material about Clarence Darrow, his various interests as well as some of the people he knew or commented about.

Government Documents

FBI File: 62-45014 on Clarence Seward Darrow 
FBI file on Clarence Darrow. http://foia.fbi.gov/darrow/darrow1.pdf
1880 Census 
The 1880 Census from Ashtabula County, Ohio shows an entry for Clarence Darrow and his wife Jessie. Darrow's occupation is listed as "lawyer" and his wife's occupation is listed as "keeping house." Darrow's entry is eighth from the bottom.
1900 Census: Chicago  Jun, 1900
Clarence Darrow is number 16 on this page from 1900 Census for Chicago.
Clarence Darrow listed in Illinois House of Representatives 
Clarence Darrow is listed ninth in the left column. Page from the Blue Book of the State of Illinois.
Strike in the Copper Mining District of Michigan 
"Letter from the Secretary of Labor, Transmitting in Response to a Senate Resolution of January 29, 1914, a Report in Regard to the Strike of Mine Workers in the Michigan Copper District which Began on July 23, 1913." Excerpt with references to Clarence Darrow's involvement in trying to end the strike.
Capital Punishment: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Judiciary of the Committee on the District of Columbia  Jan, 1926
Hearings held from January 28 through February 13, 1926 on H.R. 349 and H.R. 4498. Clarence Darrow's statement begins on page 30 of this pdf document which is page 57 of this hearing. There are several critical references made about Clarence Darrow by other speakers. For example, on page 59 of the pdf is a short discussion of how much Darrow was paid for his defense of Leopold and Loeb. Most of page 61 consists of criticism about Darrow's views and an extended discussion about Darrow begins on page 80.
What Shall We Do for the Poor? by Paul Darrow 
Presentation by Clarence Darrow's son Paul to the Special Committee of the House of Representatives appointed to investigate the Interstate Migration of Destitute Citizens in August 1940. From the Papers of Clarence Darrow.
Capital Punishment: Hearings Before Subcommittee No. 3 of the Committee of the Judiciary 
House of Representatives hearings on bills to suspend or abolish the death penalty held in March and May 1972. Several references are made to Clarence Darrow.


Clarence Darrow: The Big Minority Man by George G. Whitehead 
This version of Whitehead's piece appears in The Little Blue Book No. 1464, E. Haldeman-Julius, ed.
The Social Monster: A Paper on Communism and Anarchism by John Most 
Johann (John) Most (1846 - 1906) was one of the most notorious anarchists in the United States. Born in Germany, he moved to London in 1878 where he became an anarchist and began publishing Die Freiheit. He published an article in 1881 praising the assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia for which he was arrested and sent to prison for 18 months. After getting out of prison in 1882 he emigrated to the United States and began living in Chicago. Most continued to publish Die Freiheit as well as other material and making speeches about anarchism while in the United States. His most notorious publication The Science of Revolutionary Warfare was published in 1885. In this work Most gave instructions for creating and using bombs. Most continued to publish Die Freiheit and books and pamphlets on anarchism until he died in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1906. While not directly involved in any cases Clarence Darrow worked on, Most influenced several people Darrow came in contact with and sometimes defended. For example in 1904 Darrow and Edgar Lee Masters tried to keep John Turner, an avowed anarchist, from being deported back to Great Britain. Part of the evidence against Turner was a note found in his pocket about a mass-meeting at which speeches would be given by Turner and John Most and several other speakers. Most also influenced several of the Haymarket anarchists.
Biographical Sketch of Hon. John Peter Altgeld, Twentieth Governor of Illinois by Edward Osgood Brown  Dec, 1905
"Read before the Chicago Historical Society December 5, 1905 On the Occasion of the Presentation to the Society of Governor Altgeld's Portrait the Gift of Joseph S. Martin of Chicago." From the Internet Archive.

Magazine Articles

The Crimes of Ingersoll 
Article discussing critical comments Clarence Darrow made about Robert Ingersoll at an Ingersoll memorial meeting. Colonel Robert Green Ingersoll (1833 - 1899) was a Civil War veteran, noted orator, political leader, and outspoken agnostic. Darrow was influenced by Ingersoll. Published in the Free Thought Magazine.
Would End Tax Lying 
Short interviews with prominent citizens including Clarence Darrow on the issue of tax cheating. Published in The Public.
John Peter Altgeld's Funeral 
Description of funeral services for John Peter Altgeld. Published in The Public.
Clarence Darrow as Candidate 
Short reference to Darrow as candidate for Illinois legislature. Published in The Public.
Perils of Trade Unionism 
Brief commentary about a speech Clarence Darrow gave about trade unionism to the Henry George Association in Chicago.
Article Praising Clarence Darrow as Illinois Legislature 
Article praising Clarence Darrow for voting against a bill that would appropriate $5,000 for the widow of his mentor and former Governor of Illinois John Peter Altgeld.
In The Fight 
Poem inscribed to Clarence S. Darrow by Dr. John Byers Wilson. From Tomorrow magazine (1907).
"Who Is This Man Darrow?" 
Published in "The Painter and Decorator" by the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America.
Clarence S. Darrow To the Prisoners in Chicago County Jail 
Description of Clarence Darrow's controversial address to Cook County prisoners in 1902. From volume 25 of The Railway Conductor (1908).
The Spoon River Anthology--The Storm-Center of the Latest Literary Controversy 
Discussion of Edgar Lee Masters "The Spoon River Anthology" from Current Opinion (1915). The work made Masters' reputation and became one of the most widely read works of its time. Masters was Clarence Darrow's law partner for 8 years but they had a stormy relationship.
What Free Land Would Mean to Humanity: Clarence Darrow Discusses Economic Evils  Nov, 1917
Page two contains a description of dinner presentation by Clarence Darrow given at the Los Angeles Single Tax Cub. Published in the Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen's Magazine.
George Burman Foster 
Short article about George Burman Foster in The Biblical World. Foster was a well-known theologian and professor of philosophy of religion at the University of Chicago from 1905 until his death in 1918. Clarence Darrow and Foster were very good friends.
George Burman Foster 
Memorials to George Burman Foster in The University Record (1919). Clarence Darrow and Foster were best friends.


Clarence Darrow Attempts to Reply and Evokes a Lively Storm of Hisses  Aug, 1896
Description of political speeches before a Republican crowd during the Presidential campaign. Story is in the center and is titled "Thurston Talks for McKinley." Published in the San Francisco Call.
Clarence Darrow's Sarcasm  Feb, 1903
Short reference to speech Clarence Darrow gave about Leo Tolstoy. From the Davis County Clipper.
"Pacifists Are Enemies of the Republic," Says Clarence Darrow  Nov, 1917
Newspaper article about a speech Clarence Darrow gave criticizing pacifists and supporting United States military involvement in World War I. Published in The Richmond Palladium And Sun-Telegram, November 13, 1917.
Schopenhauer's Son 
Description of Clarence Darrow's pessimism and Darrow's short eulogy at the funeral of his friend George Burman Foster. Published in "A Thousand and One Afternoons in Chicago" by Ben Hecht, a newspaper column in the Chicago Daily News.


Ad Brochure for "The Story of My Life" by Clarence S. Darrow 
Courtesy of the Special Collections Department, University of Iowa Libraries.
McGuffey's New Fourth Eclectic Reader: Instructive Lessons For The Young 
Clarence Darrow had to read McGuffey's Readers in grade school. Darrow recalled in his autobiography:

"I know that I began at the primer and read over and over the McGuffey readers, up to the sixth, while at the district school. I have often wondered if there was such a man as Mr. McGuffey and what he looked like. To me his name suggested side-whiskers which, in Kinsman, meant distinction. I never could understand how he learned so much and how he could have been so good. I am sure that no set of books ever came from any press that was so packed with love and righteousness as were those readers. Their religious and ethical stories seem silly now, but at that time it never occurred to me that those tales were utterly impossible lies which average children should easily have seen through. McGuffey furnished us many choice and generally poetical instructions on conduct and morals. And the same sort were found in other books, also. . . . From what I see and hear of the present generation I should guess that Doctor McGuffey and his ilk lived in vain. "
"Our Penal Machinery and Its Victims" by John P. Altgeld 
"Judge Richards, a police judge in Ashtabula, gave me my first sane idea of crime and criminals. He gave me a book, 'Our Penal Code and its Victims,' by Judge John P. Altgeld, of Chicago, which was a revelation to me. This book and the author came to have a marked influence upon me and my future." Clarence Darrow, The Story of My Life. From the Internet Archive.
Great Speeches of Col. R. G. Ingersoll 
Colonel Robert Green Ingersoll (1833 - 1899) was a Civil War veteran, noted orator, political leader, and forceful defender of agnosticism. Ingersoll greatly influenced Clarence Darrow. Because of his agnosticism Ingersoll was referred to by some of his critics as "Injuresoul."
John P. Altgeld's Memorial Address on Henry George  Dec, 1897
Altgeld praised Henry George, even comparing his influence on economics to Charles Darwin's influence on science. Clarence Darrow was greatly influenced by Henry George and even more so by John Peter Altgeld.
A Message to Garcia and Thirteen Other Things: As Written by Fra Elbertus 
Fra Elbertus was a pen name of Clarence Darrow's friend Elbert Hubbard. Hubbard reportedly wrote the inspirational essay "A Message to Garcia" in about an hour, and it became a sensational hit. It has reportedly sold over 40 million copies and has been translated into 37 languages. The essay is used by corporations and the military as an inspirational training guide for accomplishing organizational missions. From the Internet Archive.
Oratory: Its Requirements and Its Rewards by John P. Altgeld 
Advice on oratory skills by Clarence Darrow's mentor John Peter Altgeld. From the Internet Archive.
Ad for Clarence Darrow's "A Persian Pearl" 
Published in "Bethink Yourselves!: A Letter on the Russian-Japanese War" by Leo Tolstoy.
The Cost of Something for Nothing by John Peter Altgeld 
John Peter Altgeld was a mentor to Clarence Darrow. This was written just before Altgeld's death and contains an introduction by Clarence Darrow. From the Internet Archive.
The New Star Chamber: And Other Essays By Edgar Lee Masters 
Edgar Lee Masters was a law partner of Clarence Darrow from 1903 until 1911. A noted writer and poet, this book contains thirteen political essays some of which were previously published in the Chicago Chronicle. The essays helped earn Masters a reputation as a "radical." From the Internet Archive.
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair 
Upton Sinclair was a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and social activist. He had given Clarence Darrow a copy of his book "The Jungle" and later wrote a letter to Darrow dated September 23, 1905 asking if he had read it and asking Darrow's legal opinion about whether it amounted to libel. Sinclair originally intended the book to expose the harsh and unfair working conditions endured by poor immigrants. But the general public was more shocked by the descriptions of unsanitary and dangerous food processing practices. The book was so influential that it led to the passage on the same day of the federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906 and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 which in turn led to the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration. From the Internet Archive.
Memorandum of Agreement to Publish "An Eye For An Eye" by Clarence Darrow  Dec, 1905
Publishing agreement for Clarence Darrow's only novel. From the Clarence Darrow Papers.
The Finality of the Christian Religion by George Burman Foster 
Publication of two lectures before the Harvard Summer School of Theology in 1902 and 1903. George Burman Foster was Professor of the Philosophy of Religion at the University of Chicago. Foster was a very prominent theologian, but he was also controversial because of his liberal interpretation of the Bible. George Burman Foster was one Clarence Darrow's best friends.
Advertisement for Works by Clarence Darrow described as Socialist Literature 
From "Socialism Inevitable: (Wilshire editorials)" by Henry Gaylord Wilshire.
Review of Clarence Darrow's An Eye for an Eye 
Short review of Clarence Darrow's book in "The Bookman: A Review of Books and Life."
SILMA SILMASTA Finnish translation of An Eye for An Eye 
Cover, title page and first page from a Finnish translation of Clarence Darrow's book An Eye for An Eye.
Land and Taxation: A Conversation Between David Dudley Field and Henry George 
Excerpt from Our Land and Land Policies by Henry George in which George explains his single tax theory and how it would apply to land ownership. Clarence Darrow was an ardent supporter of George's single tax theory for many years.
The Flag Superstition 
Excerpt from Victor Berger's 1912 book Broadsides. Berger comments on a 1907 newspaper article about Clarence Darrow refusing to stand for the singing of the Star Spangled Banner at a hotel restaurant in Spokane, Washington.
Single Tax Exposed by Charles H. Shields 
Subtitled "an Inquiry Into the Operation of the Single Tax System as Proposed by Henry George in 'Progress and Poverty,' the Book from which All Single Tax Advocates Draw Their Inspiration, Revealing the True and Real Meaning of Single Tax, which is Land Communism." Author was Secretary of the Oregon Equal Taxation League. From the Internet Archive.
My Life Out of Prison by Donald Lowrie 
Excerpt discussing Clarence Darrow's stance against capital punishment. Donald Lowrie was convicted of burglary and sentenced to fifteen years in San Quentin State Prison. He served ten years and then wrote a book called "My Life in Prison" in which he argued for prison reform. He later wrote "My Life Out of Prison." Lowrie was an influential prison reformer.
Spoon River Anthology by Edgar Lee Masters 
Clarence Darrow and Edgar Lee Masters formed a law partnership in 1903 that lasted until 1911 but it was a stormy relationship. Besides being a lawyer, Masters was also a writer and poet. In 1915, Masters published "Spoon River Anthology" a collection of poem epitaphs for over two-hundred citizens of fictional Spoon River, Illinois who have died. The work was very popular and established Master as a gifted writer. "It is perhaps not too much to say that the book created a sensation in literary circles. No book of poetry since Longfellow's popular volumes has had so wide a circulation, and none since Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass has been more vigorously stimulating or shown more originally." Leonidas Warren Payne, History of American Literature. 356 (1919). From the Internet Archive.
Dunne: Judge, Mayor, Governor 
Book about Edward F. Dunne. The book has several references to Clarence Darrow who was a friend of Dunne. From the Internet Archive.
The Pocket Cyclopedia of Temperance By Clarence True Wilson 
In 1910, Clarence True Wilson was appointed General Secretary of the Methodist Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals (MBTP). He served in this position for twenty-five years. During Prohibition, the MBTP was an official agency of the northern Methodist Episcopal Church. According to one source, from 1925 to 1935 Clarence Darrow and Wilson held forty-six debates. During the course of their debates and the time they spent together Darrow and Wilson became very good friends. Published by Temperance Society of the M.E. Church, 1916.
The I.W.W.: Its History, Structure and Methods by Vincent St. John 
Vincent St. John was a radical labor leader and one of the most influential early founders of the I.W.W. St. John and about 99 other I.W.W. member including Big Bill Haywood were convicted of violating the Espionage Act in 1918 for interfering with the war effort. Clarence Darrow represented St. John on several appeals before the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in 1918 and 1920.
The Cyclopedia of Temperance, Prohibition and Public Morals By Deets Pickett, Clarence True Wilson, and Ernest Dailey Smith 
Clarence True Wilson, one of the authors, became good friends with Clarence Darrow and the two often debated each other over Prohibition. Published under the authority of the Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Clarence True Wilson was the General Secretary of this board.
Liquor Prohibition by Archibald Douglas Dabney 
Collection of decisions interpreting various prohibition statutes.
Selected Articles on the Closed Shop 
Affirmative and negative opinions of The Closed Shop, a book compiled by Lamar T. Beman. Several references are made to Clarence Darrow's views.
Kelly's Federal Prohibition Digest by Bernard Kelly 
Effort to include all cases arising under the Prohibition Act as of 1922.
Book Review of Crime: Its Cause and Treatment 
Book review of Clarence Darrow's book in The Catholic World.
To My Friend Abbie Scott Baker  Jul, 1923
Inscription Clarence Darrow wrote to Abbie Scott Baker in a copy of his book "Crime: Its Cause and Treatment." Abbie Scott Baker (1871-1944) was a leading member of the Congressional Union for Women's Suffrage and the National Women's Party. In 1917 she was arrested, convicted and served a prison sentence for participating in a suffrage protest in Washington, DC. Baker played a leading role in the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
Let Freedom Ring by Arthur Garfield Hays 
Title page and dedication page of Arthur Garfield Hay's book "Let Freedom Ring" which he dedicated to Clarence Darrow, Oswald Garrison Villard and Roger N. Baldwin.
The Red Network: A Who's Who and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots by Elizabeth Dilling 
Elizabeth Dilling Stokes was a staunch anti-communist and anti-war activist. The purpose of the book was to expose what she considered communist front activity in the United States. Clarence Darrow and many of his friends and acquaintances are listed in the book. Darrow is mentioned numerous times and his short bio is on page 275 of the book which is page 276 of this pdf.


Hugh R. Belknap 
Short bio of Hugh Reid Belknap who defeated Clarence Darrow in their race for Congress in the historic 1896 election. The official vote was 22,075 votes for the Republican Belknap and 21,485 votes for the Democrat Darrow.
Warranty Deed signed by Ammirus and Emily Darrow 
Warranty deed signed by Clarence Darrow's father and mother for a house in the "Connecticut Western Reserve" area in Ohio. Clarence Darrow Papers.
Letters from abolitionists Wendell Phillips & Rev. Parker Pillsbury 
This document includes an extract of a letter written by the abolitionist Wendell Phillips (1811 - 1884), along with a handwritten letter from Rev. Parker Pillsbury (1809 - 1898). Pillsbury was an American minister, abolitionist and supporter of women's rights. Part of the Clarence Darrow papers.
Crimes Against Criminals by Robert G. Ingersoll  Jan, 1890
Address given before the New York State Bar Association in Albany, N.Y. January 21, 1890. Ingersoll was an outspoken atheist whom Clarence Darrow admired.
The Sunset Club: Shall the World's Fair Be Open on Sunday?; Women Suffrage; The Eight Hour Day 
Clarence Darrow participated in discussion of these three topics at the Sunset Club in Chicago.
The Tyranny of Public Opinion  Nov, 1893
Discussion at the Sunset Club. Participants included Clarence Darrow.
Strikes and Injunctions - The Sunset Club 1894-95 
Clarence Darrow, Henry D. Lloyd and others participated in a discussion at the Sunset Club meeting about strikes and injunctions. The discussion was held at the Grand Pacific Hotel, Thursday October 25, 1894.
Clarence Darrow's Legal Opinion on Publishing a Controversial Paper 
Doctor Denslow Lewis gave a controversial presentation before the American Medical Association (AMA) called "The Gynecologic Consideration of the Sexual Act." The AMA refused to publish the paper in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Denslow later asked Clarence Darrow for legal advice on whether a publisher would face obscenity charges for publishing it.
In Memoriam John Peter Altgeld, Born December 30, 1847, Died March 12, 1902  Apr, 1902
Includes the Address of Clarence S. Darrow given at Altgeld's funeral on March 14, 1902.
Clarence Darrow in Who's Who in America (1903) 
Who's Who in America was just four years old, having been founded in 1899.
Edward Everett Darrow 
Bio of Edward Everett Darrow (1846 - 1927) who was Clarence Darrow's oldest sibling. From the "History of the Class of '70, Department of Literature, Science and the Arts" published by the University of Michigan documenting the class of 1870.
The Democratic Convention by Charles Erskine Scott Wood 
Description of the 1904 Democratic Party Convention held in St. Louis. Contains a brief mention of a speech given by Clarence Darrow in which he supported the nomination of William Randolph Hearst for vice president (on page 5 of this pdf document). Published in The Pacific Monthly.
Graft in the Legal Profession by Clarence Darrow  Feb, 1904
Discussion held at a meeting of the Physician's Club of Chicago. Published in the Illinois Medical Journal.
Review of Clarence Darrow's Resist Not Evil 
Published in "The Open Court: Devoted to the Science of Religion, the Religion of Science, and the Extension of the Religious Parliament Idea."
Clarence Darrow's in Who's Who in America (1906) 
Who's Who in America began in 1899.
General Catalogue of Officers and Students: 1837-1911 
Brief listing from the University of Michigan showing Ammirus Darrow, an unrelated Darrow, Clarence Darrow, Edward Darrow, another unrelated Darrow and Mary Darrow, along with the years each attended the University. Ammirus was Clarence Darrow's father, Edward was his oldest sibling and Mary was his older sister.
Anecdote about Clarence Darrow 
Brief account of humorous quip by Clarence Darrow as a young lawyer. Published in After Dinner Stories by Famous Men.
Book Review of The Skeleton in the Closet 
Clarence Darrow's essay "The Skeleton in the Closet" was first published in 1899 in his collection "A Persian Pearl and Other Essays." This book review is from the Psychoanalytic Review published by the National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis.
Henry Marison Byllesby 
Short bio of Henry Marison Byllesby (1859 - 1924) who was one of the most prominent electrical engineers of his time. Byllesby worked for Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse. He moved to St. Paul, Minnesota in 1891 to run an electrical company. He formed a power company in 1909 that later became Northern States Power in 1916. The company supplied power throughout Minnesota. He formed H.M. Byllesby & Co. a Chicago-based conglomerate that owned steamships, streetcars and utility companies across the United States. During World War I Byllesby was a prominent supporter of the Allies. Beginning in April 1917 he began working full-time as the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Chicago Branch of the National Security League. This was a public service organization founded in 1914 to lobby for increased and improved preparation for America's defense against enemies at home and abroad. Byllesby was primarily responsible for the inauguration of a patriotic speaking campaign which opened in Minneapolis in September, 1917 with Samuel Gompers and Clarence Darrow as principal speakers. In 1917 Byllesby accepted a commission as a major and served in the Signal Corps and was later promoted to lieutenant-colonel. He also served in London as the purchasing agent for the American Expeditionary Force. Clarence Darrow knew Byllesby and served with him on the Chicago Branch of the National Security League. Darrow also conferred with Byllesby about investments in gas utilities.
The Peril of Racial Prejudice: A Statement to the Public 
Statement by "citizens of Gentile birth and Christian faith" against Anti-Semitism. Signed by many prominent people including Clarence Darrow. Published in the American Jewish Year Book.
Dinner in Honor of Clarence Darrow to Commemorate his Seventieth Birthday 
The following speakers will respond to toasts:
Darrow the Lawyer
Darrow and Religion
Darrow and the Negro
Darrow the Advocate
Darrow and Literature
Darrow and Science
Darrow the Humanitarian
Letter Sent by the American Civil Liberties Union 
Letter republished in the "The Red Network: A 'Who's Who' and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots" by Elizabeth K. Dilling to expose radicals. Clarence Darrow is listed as a member of the National Committee and Arthur Garfield Hays is listed as Counsel. The caption states: "Facsimile of a letter typical of constant efforts of A.C.L.U. to influence legislation favored by radicals. Signed by John Haynes Holmes, acting Chairman while Harry F. Ward was in Russia. Note names of National Committee and Officers."
Letter from the Public Ownership League of America  Jun, 1933
Letterhead shows Clarence Darrow is listed as a member of the Executive Committee of the Public Ownership League of America. The letter was republished in the "The Red Network: A 'Who's Who' and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots" by Elizabeth K. Dilling to expose radicals. Caption states: "Facsimile of significant letter sent out to 'Members and Friends' by socialist Public Ownership League. Reveals close ties with Secretary Ickes. See 'Who's Who' for signer of the letter, Carl D. Thompson, and other League leaders listed on letterhead."
Clarence Darrow bio in "The Red Network: A 'Who's Who' and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots" by Elizabeth K. Dilling. 
Section from "The Red Network: A 'Who's Who' and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots" by Elizabeth K. Dilling. The section is titled "Who Is Who In Radicalism?" and includes a short bio of Clarence Darrow showing affiliations that earned him inclusion in the Red Network.
Judge William H. Holly 
Short bio of Judge Holly published in "The Red Network: A "Who's Who" and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots." Clarence Darrow and Judge Holly were very good friends.
In Memory of Mr. Clarence Darrow 
Funeral book for Clarence Darrow's funeral service held at Bond Chapel, University of Chicago on March 15, 1938. Courtesy of Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.
Address Delivered at the Funeral of Clarence S. Darrow by William H. Holly  Mar, 1938
Typewritten draft of Judge Holly's eulogy with penciled in style edits.

Darrow's Writings & Speeches

The Biology Group of Chicago by Clarence Darrow 
This speech was given by Darrow to the Biology Group, of which he was a founding member.
Remarks of Clarence Darrow at the Memorial Services to George Burman Foster and at the Funeral of John P. Altgeld 
The memorial service for George Burman Foster was held on January 12, 1919. The funeral for John P. Altgeld was held on March 14, 1902.
Do Human Beings Have Free Will? A Debate 
Affirmative: George Burman Foster. Negative: Clarence Darrow
Realism in Literature and Art by Clarence Darrow 
Little Blue Book containing four writings by Clarence Darrow:
Realism in Literature and Art
Robert Burns
George Burman Foster (Memorial Address January 12, 1919)
Some Paragraphs Addressed to Socialists
The State; Its Functions and Duties by Clarence Darrow & What Shall We Do With Our Criminals by Judge J.P. Altgeld  Jul, 1891
Presentations by Clarence Darrow and John Peter Altgeld at the Sunset Club in Chicago. Also contains information about the Sunset Club. Published in Echoes of the Sunset Club.
The Rights and Wrongs of Ireland by Clarence S. Darrow  Nov, 1895
Address delivered at the Central Music Hall, Chicago on November 23, 1895, the anniversary of the execution of the "Manchester Martyrs" (William O'Mera Allen, Michael Larkin, and Michael O'Brien) who were members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood hanged in Salford, England on November 23, 1867. They were executed for killing a policeman during a prison escape.
A Persian Pearl and Other Essays by Clarence S. Darrow 
Clarence Darrow's first book. The table of contents is as follows: (1) A Persian Pearl-9; (2) Walt Whitman-43; (3) Robert Burns-77; (4) Realism in Literature and Art-107; (5) The Skeleton in the Closet-139.
The Skeleton in the Closet by Clarence Darrow 
Short story written by Clarence Darrow in 1899.
Crime and Criminals: An Address Delivered to the Prisoners in the Chicago County Jail 
1902 address in which Darrow gives his views about the causes of crime that are so radical that "[s]ome of my good friends have insisted that while my theories are true, I should not have given them to the inmates of a jail." Printed in 1919.
The Doctrine of Assumed Risk by Clarence Darrow 
Part of critical commentary called "Easy Lessons in Law" written by Clarence Darrow and published in Hearst's Chicago Evening American in 1902. Darrow's story involves Tony Salvador, an Italian immigrant, who finds work as on a railroad but who lost a leg after being run over by a train. Tony tries to win compensation in court but the judge ruled that he assumed the risk of working in a dangerous area. This typewritten draft is from the Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.
Little Louis Epstine by Clarence S. Darrow 
In December 1903 Darrow published this short fiction story in the magazine "The Pilgrim." Louis is nine years old, poor and Jewish. He is missing one hand due to an accident when he was much younger. One day in the winter he stays out in the cold selling newspapers because he wants to earn enough money to buy a small Christmas present for his mother. This leads to frostbite and he has to have his only hand amputated. Darrow wrote it as a sad reality check on the traditional cheery Christmas tale. This typewritten draft is from the Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.
Farmington by Clarence Darrow 
Clarence Darrow's autobiographical novel.
An Eye for an Eye by Clarence Darrow 
Fictional story of a man sentenced to death for killing his wife.
Literary Style by Clarence Darrow 
Darrow offers advice about writing. Published in Tomorrow Magazine.
Speech of Clarence S. Darrow  May, 1909
Speech about prohibition given at the Opera House in Youngstown Ohio Sunday, May 2, 1909. Among the things Darrow told the audience: "Now, I have practiced law a good many years, and have helped to pick out a good many juries. Anybody can try a case, but you must have a good jury. If I had to defend a criminal case I would never let a prohibitionist on the jury, not if I could help it. A lawyer who would let one of them on a jury, if he could avoid it would be guilty of malpractice."
Liberty vs. Prohibition  Dec, 1909
Address by Clarence Darrow at a public meeting held in New Bedford, Mass., on December 4, 1909. The introduction to the address states that "This city, with Worcester and others, changed from 'dry' to 'wet' by a large majority in the election held a fortnight later."
The Darrow-Lewis Debate On "The Theory of Non-resistance"  Feb, 1910
For: Clarence Darrow. Against: Arthur M. Lewis. Garrick Theatre, Chicago.
Marx versus Tolstoy: A Debate 
Clarence S. Darrow and Arthur M. Lewis.
Henry George by Clarence Darrow  Sep, 1913
Address at the Henry George Anniversary Dinner of the Single Tax Club, Chicago, September 19th, 1913.
The Cost of War by Clarence Darrow 
Short article published in 1914 by the International Socialist Review in which Clarence Darrow explained his view that the destruction of private property caused by the war would benefit the working class. Darrow believed that the rebuilding that would be needed would help employ people and raise the wages of those who helped rebuild the destroyed property.
How One Painter Worked for Peace by Clarence Darrow 
One page article about the Russian painter Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin. This is a reprint from Darrow's Realism in Literature and Art. Published in The Metal Polisher, Buffer, and Plater journal by the Metal Polishers, Buffers, Platers & Helpers International Union.
Baccalaureate Address Delivered by Clarence S. Darrow to the Law Graduates of Valparaiso University  Jun, 1914
Clarence Darrow's address demonstrates his social philosophy, views about the professional life of lawyers and about the American legal system. Given in Darrow's typical blunt style.
THE CHRYSALIS: Prison Epics by Inmates of State and Federal Institutions 
This excerpt includes a contribution "[w]ritten [e]xpressly for The Chrysalis by the Hon. Clarence Darrow, famous Western Lawyer and author" entitled "Punishment."
The Land Belongs to the People by Clarence Darrow  Nov, 1916
Short article in which Darrow argues against private property. Published in Everyman.
Darrow-Foster Debate: "Is Life Worth Living?"  Mar, 1917
Affirmative: Professor George Burman Foster; Negative: Clarence S. Darrow.
The War  Nov, 1917
Address by Clarence Darrow about World War I. Darrow forcefully explains why America was justified in entering the war. The address was given under the Auspices of the National Security League.
The War in Europe 
Lecture on World War I given by Clarence Darrow before the Chicago Society of Rationalism.
Voltaire by Clarence S. Darrow  Feb, 1918
Lecture given in the Court Theater on February 3, 1918.
Response of Clarence Darrow to Birthday Greetings, April 18, 1918  Apr, 1918
Birthday celebration held at the Auditorium Hotel, Chicago on Clarence Darrow's 61st birthday.
Darrow-Kennedy Debate: "Are Internationalism and the League of Nations Practical and Desirable Schemes for Ending War?"  Dec, 1918
Affirmative: Professor John C. Kennedy. Negative: Clarence Darrow. Garrick Theater, Chicago.
The Hold Up Man by Clarence Darrow 
Short article by Darrow about crime and societal norms.
Darrow-Kennedy Debate: "Will Socialism Save the World?"  Jan, 1919
Affirmative: Professor John C. Kennedy, Alderman 27th Ward. Negative: Clarence Darrow. Garrick Theater, Chicago.
Darrow-Kennedy Debate: "Is the Human Race Permanently Progressing Toward a Better Civilization?"  Mar, 1919
Darrow takes the negative side of the issue. Professor John C. Kennedy was at one time a professor at the University of Chicago. At the time of the debate, he was an alderman from Chicago's 27th ward.
War Prisoners  Nov, 1919
Speech by Clarence Darrow supporting America's involvement in World War I. Darrow's support of the war effort was in sharp contrast to most of his socialist friends. Among his controversial remarks he said "I have no doubt but what constitutional rights were violated over and over again during the war, and since--and before. In the main, I, as one individual, was willing to see constitutional rights violated during the war." Garrick Theater, Chicago.
Pessimism  Jan, 1920
Clarence Darrow lecture under the auspices of the Rationalist Educational Society.
Darrow-Starr Debate: Is Life Worth Living?  Mar, 1920
Yes: Frederick Starr, Anthropologist, University of Chicago No: Clarence S. Darrow. GARRICK THEATRE Sunday Afternoon, March 28th, 1920.
Darrow-Starr Debate: Is Civilization a Failure?  Nov, 1920
Affirmative: Clarence Darrow. Negative: Professor Frederick Starr. Garrick Theater, Chicago.
Walt Whitman by Clarence Darrow 
Transcript of presentation given by Clarence Darrow at a dinner honoring Walt Whitman.
Debate on Prohibition  Dec, 1924
Debate on the topic "Resolved: That the United States Continue the Policy of Prohibition as Defined in the Eighteenth Amendment" between Clarence Darrow and his friend Dr. John Haynes Holmes, pastor of the Community Church in New York. During the debate Darrow told the audience: "Take out of this world the men who have drank, down through the past, and you would take away all the poetry and literature and practically all the works of genius that the world has produced. What kind of poem do you suppose you would get out of a glass of ice-water?"
Dry-Law Debate  Apr, 1927
Clarence Darrow vs. Wayne B. Wheeler held in Carnegie Hall, New York City on April 23, 1927. Wayne B. Wheeler was the general counsel for the Anti-Saloon League of America.
Can the Individual Control His Conduct? 
Clarence Darrow and Thomas Vernor Smith debate "is man a 'free agent' or is he the slave of his biological equipment?"
The Most Cruel Nation on Earth by Clarence Darrow  Mar, 1930
Criticism of the criminal sentencing policies in the United States. Published in the "Island Lantern" at the U.S. Penitentiary, McNeil Island, Washington.
Verbatim Report of Clarence Darrow's Testimonial on George A. Schilling  Mar, 1933
Testimonial dinner given by the Biology Group. George A. Shilling was a labor movement leader and Secretary of the Illinois State Board of Labor Commissioners. Darrow met Shilling in 1888 at a single tax club meeting and they became lifelong friends. In his autobiography Darrow wrote "Mr. Shilling was about the first man I met when I came to Chicago, and he has been a close friend ever since." Clarence Darrow, The Story of My Life.
Attorney for the Defense by Clarence Darrow  May, 1936
In 1936 at age 79, Clarence Darrow wrote "Attorney for the Defense" that was published in the May edition of Esquire. Darrow described how to pick a jury and the reasons for seating or rejecting prospective jurors based on ethnicity, class and religious beliefs.

Photos - Key Figures